Kenya, India Explore ‘Increased Connectivity Through Indian Ocean’


Your Excellency, Suchitra Durai, High Commissioner of the Republic of India,

Dr. Mzalendo Kibunjia, Director General National Museums of Kenya

Mr. Arindam Mukherjee, Secretary, ISCS,

Mr. Pheroze Nowrojee, Chair, Asian African Heritage

Amb. Rajiv Bhatia, Former, High Commissioner of India to Kenya and South Africa,

Our Guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

I thank H.E Suchitra Durai for organizing this seminar on the crucial theme of ‘Connectivity Revisited: India, Kenya and the Indian Ocean.’ I am grateful to the organizers for the invitation to be part of the conversation on this subject which is particularly pertinent to Kenya and India.

As members of the Indian Ocean Rim, Kenya and India therefore benefits immensely from the Indian Ocean connection at the epicenter of global trade and commerce. In fact, thanks to the Indian Ocean, our blue economy has and remains critical to the overall growth of our economies and the sustainable development of our two countries.

The theme of this seminar is therefore very crucial for us in terms of identifying ways and means of enhancing this connectivity so that goods and services can move at faster speeds, in greater volumes and numbers, at lower costs and in safe and secure waters; while at the same time ensuring that maritime resources are harnessed efficiently.

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Over the years, India has become an important political, economic and social partner to Kenya. Our shared history and experiences form an important foundation of our present partnership; from our rich culture to similar foods such as Chapati, Samosa and Ndengu have become famous delicacies in Kenyan cuisine!

Although Diplomatic relations were established in the early 1960s with the establishment of resident diplomatic missions in both Nairobi and New Delhi, relations between India and Africa have been in place for hundreds of years, dating back to the First Century AD. Trade between India and the African continent through the Indian Ocean brought us together long before the existence of modern-day civilization.

India contributes largely to the nationhood of Kenya.  We must therefore look past the artificial enclaves that have labeled our differences and focus instead on nationhood and the collective contributions made to our great country.

The Indian Ocean trade has been a key factor in East – West exchanges throughout history. Long distance trade in dhows and sailboats made it a dynamic zone of interaction between peoples, cultures, and civilizations stretching from Java in the East to Zanzibar and Mombasa in the West. It is interesting to note that cities on the Indian Ocean rim were two-faced. They looked outward to the sea as much as they looked inward to the hinterland.

These historical links have overtime crystallized into a solid foundation for cooperation between Kenya and India across a wide range of sectors.

Our cooperation in areas such as human resource development, healthcare, peace and security have matured. Today, India provides us with a contemporary development experience which can be emulated in our own situations.

Kenya is therefore a natural partner for India and looks forward to expanding frontiers of cooperation including on enhancing connectivity along the Indian Ocean.

Excellency, Ladies and Gentlemen,

The Indian Ocean region has rapidly emerged as an essential crossroads linking the world’s major producers and consumers of natural resources.

Today, around 100,000 vessels pass through the Indian Ocean region annually, more than two-thirds of the world’s oil passes through the region’s waters while 40% of the world’s offshore oil production comes from the Indian Ocean. A time has now come when the natural riches beneath the sea have become as crucial to securing the region’s future welfare as the wealth travelling over the ocean waves.

Today, the Indian Ocean’s living resources represent one of the region’s most significant assets. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the East Indian Ocean alone is home to almost half of the world’s fisheries and yields around 8 per cent of global fish production. AAs a whole, Indian Ocean fisheries have soared from less than 900,000 tonnes in 1950 to 11.3 million tonnes in 2010, about 14.6 percent of the world’s catch. Aquaculture has expanded equally rapidly, growing twelve-fold globally since 1980. In 2010, six Indian Ocean nations – India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Egypt, and Myanmar – counted among the top ten producers worldwide, supplying over 11.3 million tonnes of fish between them, as much as all the region’s capture fisheries combined.

The Indian Ocean, it seems, is the gateway to our collective development and prosperity.

Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

Challenges in enhancing connectivity abound, however. Greater connectivity, for example, takes more than new ‘hardware’ of roads, rails, ports and telecommunications. It also requires better infrastructure ‘software’ – which means appropriate regulatory frameworks, more capable institutions, and better-networked businesses and people. In seeking greater connectivity, it is important that we reflect on the way forward with respect to the ‘software’ dimension of infrastructure.

Secondly, increased connectivity demands closer cooperation in other areas – especially maritime security and environmental protection.

We must, in particular reflect on the sustenance of collaborative efforts in combating transnational maritime crimes such as piracy, illegal fishing, and drug trafficking – the proceeds of which are sometimes committed to financing terrorism.

These maritime security and environmental challenges affect all the countries on the Indian Ocean region and can best be tackled through cooperation. It is therefore important to emphasize cooperation bearing in mind the words of former United States President Barack Obama, that ‘in an interconnected world, we all rise and fall together.’

Finally, it is important that we address the financial dimension of greater connectivity. Enhanced connectivity demands infrastructure, and infrastructure demands investment.  Moreover, harnessing the economic benefits of the Indian Ocean – from fisheries and tourism to energy and transportation – requires investments in environmental protection and sustainability.

These investments require financial resources, which must be mobilized not just from Kenya and India but also from other stakeholders.

In conclusion it is my hope that this seminar will focus on this theme in all these broad dimensions with a view to offering practical ideas on how we can collectively and constructively utilize our shared resources for the benefit of our people.

I would like to express Kenya’s pride in the entrepreneurship, dynamism and patriotism of the Indian Community in Kenya.

I wish you all fruitful deliberations.

I thank you.






Exercise Media Freedom Judiciously – CS Amina Mohamed Urges


Mr. Joe Mucheru, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Information and Communication,

Dr. Mukhisa Kituyi, UNCTAD, Secretary General,

Mr. Sam Shollei, Standard Group Chief Executive Officer

Management and Staff of the Standard Group,

Distinguished guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen 

  1. I am delighted to join you this evening for the re-launch of the Standard Newspaper. I congratulate you, Sam Shollei, and your entire Standard Group team, for the positive role you continue to play in informing, entertaining and educating our people.
  1. The Standard Group has taken lead in Kenya’s media industry by expanding the information space beyond print and television and making innovative use of the internet and online tools of communication to bring us news. In re-launching the Standard Newspaper to reflect modern dynamics in the media landscape, you are continuing to set the pace in providing information and promoting the interest of the public.
  1. I also congratulate Kenya’s fourth estate in its entirety for the continued cutting edge information and media contribution. This has transformed our country into one of the most open societies in the world today. The free flow of news and information is without doubt a key hallmark of a functioning democracy which: brings public concerns and voices into the open, releases the creative energies of a people, provides a platform for discussion and mobilizes the critical body of public opinion needed to steer public affairs in the right direction. Taken together, the role of the media is a positive force for development and prosperity.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

  1. From the point of view of international relations, the media can play an active role in development by promoting a country’s visibility thereby increasing investments as well as regional and international co-operation. This is especially so in our digital age where newspaper, broadcast and social media networks in any country are instantly available to millions of readers throughout the world. The media therefore has the reach needed to promote regional and international co-operation by providing information on available opportunities for cooperation and investment to global audiences. 
  1. For this visibility to yield positive and enriching outcomes, care ought to be taken on the images projected of particular countries or parts of the world. News reports and analysis shape the opinions and perceptions of viewers and listeners across the world, much more now, than a decade ago. 
  1. Two weeks ago, I spoke about the power of the story at the Oxford Business Forum-Africa. I will re-emphasise today what I emphasised then, “until the lion learns to write, all the stories will glorify the hunter.” I am proud that we have and continue to create powerful sources of news and information that are constantly retelling the Africa story and bringing pride to our people. For many years, negative stories and images conjured up a perception of Africa as a hopeless place. Today, we are rewriting the African narrative to correct false and injurious impressions created through negative reportage. Journalism is the first draft of history and what we write today becomes part of our history and ultimately, directs our identity. We must therefore use the talents of our reporters, writers, columnists, illustrators, bloggers and social media reporters, to educate, inform, entertain, and most of all, record our history − aspects which are to us identifying and sacrosanct. 
  1. The freedom of the media is guaranteed by our Constitution. However it must be exercised judiciously. In addition to the hallowed tenets of objectivity, fairness and accuracy in reporting, the consideration of overall national interest, viewed both locally and internationally, should be part and parcel of the professional guidelines of our journalists. I therefore urge the media to embrace a policy that will ensure sensitivity to the image that we project internationally, of our country and continent, through our media content.

 Thank you.

 Amb. (Dr.) Amina Mohamed, EGH, CAV


Ministry of Foreign Affairs


CS Amina Mohamed Mourns Pioneer UNEP Advocate

March 20, 2017


The Government of the Republic of Kenya conveys its deepest condolences to the family and friends of the late David Thomas Lambo. David was a great statesman and pan-Africanist who dedicated his life to public service in various fields.

Kenya fondly remembers him as one of the pioneers of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in Nairobi. His passion and foresight for Africa’s growth and sustainability has realized many positive outcomes not only for the continent but the rest of the world.

He has left an invaluable and unforgettable legacy. Evidence of his commitment to peace, security and stability in Africa can be found in all corners of the continent.

In his various professional engagements with the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, UNHCR, Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue, and the private sector, David relentlessly pursued Africa’s economic, social, and humanitarian welfare.

Africa has lost a great advocate, mentor and advisor.

The Government of Kenya expresses its support and well wishes to his family during this very difficult time.

With Sincere Condolences,


Amb. (Dr.) Amina Mohamed, EGH, CAV


Kenya, UK Re-affirm Good Strong Ties


I am delighted to welcome the Rt. Hon. Boris Johnson and his delegation on his maiden visit to Kenya as Foreign Secretary of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Kenya and the United Kingdom have enjoyed long standing historical ties and the Government and the people of Kenya have continued to receive support from the UK over the years in various sectors that are most critical for our development.

This historic visit provides avenues for a more strengthened partnership between our two countries.  We have had fruitful discussion on issues of great importance to our bilateral relations including:

  1. Trade and investment

The UK is a critical development partner to Kenya, as well as the largest foreign investor in this country.

Currently there are over 210 British companies based in Kenya valued at over STG £ 2.5 billion.

  1. Defence and Security

Kenya and the UK are committed to continue collaboration in defence and security related issues. This will enhance security in Kenya and the region for the benefit of all citizens, investors and the visitors.

  1. Education Sector

In the Education Sector, we discussed cooperation in capacity building including; Kenya has received 61 scholarships from the United Kingdom for various courses; thirty-one (31) from Chevening and thirty (30) Commonwealth Scholarships last academic year.

  1. Post Brexit

Kenya respects the sovereign decision of the British Government to withdraw from the European Union. Kenya’s main concern has been how this would impact trade relations between our two countries.  We have however agreed to establish a platform that will discuss and manage the best way of securing and enhancing our trade and investment relationship.

  1. Visa

We discussed existing visa regulations and I requested the Foreign Secretary and the British Government to accept re-establishing the Visa Processing office in Nairobi to become the regional office, and ease the enormous difficulty our citizens face in obtaining Visas.

  1. Regional Matters

On Somalia, we agreed that the successful elections and peaceful transition established a positive trend line in that country and that we should all support the government in its efforts to secure peace, stability and prosperity.  To this end, we agreed that the imminent London Somali Conference would enrich this commitment.

We also discussed the situation in South Sudan and encouraged the parties to work harder to arrive at a mutually beneficial solution.

On refugees, an IGAD Extraordinary Summit on Somali Refugees will be held in Nairobi on 25th March, 2017 (late next week)

 Global/Multilateral issues

We discussed issues of climate change and the need to ensure continued momentum on the Paris Agreement.  We appreciate the support UK has been giving Kenya for climate change programmes that help build resilience and urge for continued and enhanced support from the UK’s International Climate Fund (ICF).

  1. Tourism

We are confident that the visit of the Foreign Secretary will encourage British citizens to visit Kenya in even greater multitude as tourists.   I wish the Foreign Secretary enjoyable and fruitful stay in our country and to enjoy our wonderful flora and fauna.

Thank You.

Africans Working Hard to Tell the African Story, says CS Amina Mohamed


Peter Tufana, Dean, Said Business School,

Peter Links, Oxford Business Network, Co-Chair,

Lauryn Chidoni, Oxford Business Network Co-Chair,

Adewale Tinubu, Group Chief Executive of Oanda PLC,

Distinguished panelists, keynote speakers,

The entire University of Oxford and Said Business, School fraternity,


Ladies and Gentlemen,

I appreciate the invitation to speak at this year’s Oxford Business Forum Africa. The overall theme is very significant in this age of digital revolution when barriers to information and communication have been reduced significantly; levelling the playing and writing fields dramatically. My intervention this evening will be based on the African proverb: “until the lion learns to write, all the stories will glorify the hunter.”

Africa’s narrative has for a long time been presented from an alien’s perspective. As a result, that narrative has been incomplete and in many instances, inaccurate. The writers of this narrative painted the image of a ‘Dark Continent’ plagued by disease, poverty, dependence, ignorance and conflicts. The people of Africa were collectivised into one common identity “the Africans,” who were helpless and in dire and continuous need of civilization and liberation.

This almost deliberate distortion of Africa’s reality led to conversations genuinely inquiring about the state of our “country” among what many of us would have considered informed company. Africa, a country? One that is three times the size of Canada, three times the size of China, and bigger than China, Europe, the United States and Japan combined? And one that has 54 independent and sovereign States?

One of our most prominent African authors related a story of his encounter with a young American who asserted that people in Africa reside on trees. They reportedly agreed with him adding that he in fact also knew the tree on which the American Ambassador in his country resides!

This narrative obscured and regrettably continues to obscure the truth about Africa, her people, their rich cultures, the dynamism and the vast potential of the continent. But facts are hard things to argue against. In fact, Africa was a vibrant continent as early as 800 AD when trade along the East Coast of Africa, for example, was bustling with economic activity. Mombasa, Malindi and Sofala were anchor trade cities with Asia; playing critical passage to African and Asian goods such as gold, silk, iron, cotton, and spices.

Sadly, towards the end of the thirteenth century, many of the ancient cities which were centres of trade, culture and even learning in Africa were destroyed; disrupting trade and livelihoods. But the truth cannot be hidden for long: “you can steal a drum and hide it – but you can’t hide and play it”- African proverb.

The ruins stand as a reminder that African civilisation was not a mere act of western benevolence. I invite you all to visit and witness the wonders of Gedi in Watamu along the Kenyan coast, Timbuktu in Mali, Touba in Senegal, Giza in Egypt, Kiroun in Carthage (modern day Tunisia), among many other landmarks in Africa.

Today, one can say with some confidence that Africans are working hard to tell the African story. The narrative of darkness no longer stands unchallenged. (For example, just before the visit of the President of the United States of America to Kenya, a renowned media house referred to Kenya as a ‘hot bed of terror.’) Within a New York minute, Kenyans not only rejected that characterisation of their country, but took pride in explaining what kind of hot bed it truly was: one of innovation, dynamism, great hospitality, warmth and beauty. Forcing an in-person delivered apology by the Executive Vice President of that international media house.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

The sands of time have shifted on many grounds. Africa has moved from being the land of hopelessness and disease has shifted to one that embodies vibrancy, hope and opportunity. It is now a mega market for intra-African production and global trade. There are opportunities in every nuke corner of our great continent and it’s open for business – fair, inclusive and sustainable business.

The share of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) between 2007 and 2013 rose from 3.2% to 5.6%, a demonstration of the growing interest in Africa. Over the same period, the middle class increased to 300 million people, according to the African Development Bank.

Additionally, over the last 15 years, Africa’s growth has been impressive, picking up from an average of 2% during the ‘80s and ‘90s to just above 5% between 2001 and 2014. It dipped briefly to just below 4% since 2014, largely due to global decline in commodity prices but continues to rise and stabilise. The dip highlights the need to strengthen Africa’s economic base through diversification and industrialization.

(Agricultural modernization, value addition and beneficiation are important to shelter our producers from extreme market fluctuations moving them up the value chain. This diversification, industrialization, agricultural modernization, value addition and beneficiation avails a wide range of opportunities for investors.)

Africa’s common agenda is stronger than it has ever been. We recognize that to position Africa as a key player on the international arena, we must deepen our own integration within the continent while strengthening cooperation with other parts of the world. We hold on to the wisdom of our elders: “if we want to go fast, we will go alone, but if we want to go far- we will walk with others.” 

So we are working towards creating a Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) that will enhance Africa’s attractiveness to investors and also help improve the level of intra-African trade which currently stands at approximately, 16 per cent as opposed to North America’s and Western Europe’s 40% and 63% respectively. Writing our own narrative and shaping our destiny demands that we rapidly increase intra-African trade and investment, advance infrastructure and seamless connectivity, enable faster dissemination of information and ideas to foster innovation and investment, allow the free movement of capital, goods, people and services.

Equally important is the deepening and entrenchment of a culture of democracy, the rule of law, and nurture good governance across the continent. The full participation of our people in economic, political and social development of our countries must become a matter of course.

And yes, we are making good towards continental integration. We have already launched the grand Tripartite Free Trade Area which is a critical building block of the Continental Free Trade Area. Once operational, the Tripartite Free Trade Area will be one of the largest single markets in the world bringing together the East African Community (EAC), the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and Southern Africa Development Cooperation (SADC) comprising of 26 countries with a population of 600 million and a GDP of over USD 624 billion.

Beyond integration, Africa is seeking to forge partnerships – smart partnerships. We recognize that Africa holds about half the world’s unexploited mineral potential, plenty of uncultivated land (about 600 million hectares) diverse endowments including in energy, agriculture, ICT, transport, untapped biodiversity, tourism and a rapidly growing population of 1.2 billion people in 2015 that is expected to grow to 2.5 billion people by 2050 – comprising about a quarter of the total world population.

Ladies and gentlemen,

Our 54 countries have the raw materials, the space, the market and the labour necessary to provide a decent livelihood to our people. As Mahatma Gandhi said: “the world has enough for everyone’s need, but not enough for everyone’s greed.”

It is also true that this generation of Africans is the most educated that the continent has ever had. It is increasingly positioning Africa as an emerging frontier of innovation. In Kenya, for example, we have pioneered innovative technologies that are enhancing productivity and transforming the way we transact business. Innovations such as Mpesa, Mshwari, Mkesho, Okoa Jahazi – mobile phone-based money transfer platforms – for example, have revolutionised the financial sector. According to analysis from the Central Bank of Kenya, 42% of Kenya’s GDP is transacted through Mpesa which has 18.2 million registered users, 13 million active monthly users, 4.3 million on 3G enabled phones and 3.4 million using smart phones.

The monthly value of person-to-person transfer in 2011 was Kshs 63.87 Billion (USD 751 Million). In 2015, this was approximated to have risen to KES 77 Billion. These advancements have enabled other transformative and modular technological advances such as M-farm, which supports farmers and small scale traders, M-Kopa and Mobisol which are off grid solar technologies providing great alternatives to energy especially in rural Kenya.

There are therefore major opportunities of partnerships in promoting enterprise development and innovation in Kenya and other parts of Africa. Partnerships will provide opportunities for investors to benefit from one another in terms of innovations and financing. They will also facilitate the growth and expansion of countless start-ups in Africa and expedite their growth from local establishments to global enterprises.

I am aware that lingering negative narratives about Africa make investors doubt the business environment in the continent. The truth of the matter today is that in most African countries, the private sector has established solid inter-sector links to engage the public sector in policy and legal reforms, effectively aligning the business environment with the needs of private, international and local investors.

(Beyond existing national platforms such as Chambers of Commerce, time has come for similar initiatives to be adopted and nurtured at the regional and continental level. The East African Business Council is an example of a model that can be scaled to the continental level.)

The high growth rates being witnessed in many African States are therefore not just single accidental occurrences, but the result of conscious political, economic, social, legal and regulatory transformation. The evidence suggests that there is home-grown leadership desirous of and steered by good governance, transformative economic policies, investment in infrastructure and inclusivity. All this underpinned by basic laws that reflect the demands of the people and the times. Examples that quickly come to mind are the Constitutions of Kenya and South Africa as more and more African countries review and amend their independence, 1960’s Constitutions.

Last and most important is our greatest asset and opportunity − the youth of our continent. With 65% of our population below the age of 35, the continent’s enviable pool of young, energetic, talented and increasingly innovative and self-driven and creative workforce presents an unparalleled demographic head-start. While financial capital remains inadequate and largely inaccessible, African youth have demonstrated that passion capital is a powerful tool for change and progress. The task for our governments is to ensure that this passion is supplemented by affordable and accessible financing, skills development, and training and unrestricted and free movement across the continent.

Finally, the rallying call for all of us must be ‘move and act together.’ This is a sure way to accelerate Africa’s assumption of its rightful place in the community of Nations and to a destiny of shared prosperity.

Thank you very much. Asanteni sana.

Governors ‘Hit at Foreign Affairs Special Visas’


  1. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs refers to erroneous reports (2/3 March 2017) accusing the Ministry of denial and/ or refusal to facilitate County Government Officials application for Category ‘A’ VISAS to the United States.
  2. Application and issuance of visas is the prerogative of any issuing State. In practice and in fact, considerations for issuance or denial of visas irrespective of Category, remains a sovereign right of the issuing state.
  3. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs under Executive Order no 1/2016, undertakes facilitation by way of issuing a note verbale for officials applying for official visas on official business. This has not changed.
  4. The United States of America Government has provided the Ministry with updated information on which categories officials qualify for official non-migrant visas under the United States Regulations as follows:
    • The official visa status (A Visa Category) will only pertain to officials who are traveling on behalf of the national government and immediate family members (spouse and unmarried sons and daughters)
    • County government officials travelling for official duties on behalf of the national government qualify for official visas
    • County officials travelling to the United States exclusively on behalf of their county governments do not qualify for official visa status, whether they are traveling on diplomatic passports or regular passports.
    • County officials not travelling on behalf of the national government must follow normal visa procedures and cannot be granted official visa status. They must be interviewed, provide fingerprints and pay application and issuance fees.
    • All County officials, except those traveling on behalf of the national government, will henceforth be issued with B1/B2 visa category which does not require a diplomatic note (note verbale) from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
    • County Governors and their immediate family members traveling on diplomatic passports, however, are exempt from fees, regardless of whether they are traveling for national or country business, although they must appear at the Embassy to provide fingerprints.
    • The duration of processing all visa applications by the Embassy is ten (10) business days prior to the date of travel.
  1. The Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961, Article 41, 2 states inter alia, “All official business with the receiving state entrusted to the mission by the sending state shall be conducted with, or through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the receiving state or such other ministry as may be agreed”.
  2. In compliance with this Article, the US Embassy in Nairobi conveyed the decision of its government as outlined above.
  3. In exercise of its mandate the Ministry diligently shares information that impacts or may impact on a section or whole government and its citizens with the highest degree of accuracy as enshrined in Chapter 6 of the Kenya Constitution.
  4. In avoidance of protracted engagement on a matter we feel is straight forward, the Ministry wishes to clarify that the decision is a sovereign decision taken solely by the Government of United States of America.


Amb. (Dr.) Amina Mohamed, EGH, CAV



March 10, 2017

FAA Announces Aviation Safety Rating for Kenya

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) today announced that Kenya complies with international safety standards and has been granted a Category 1 rating under the agency’s International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) program.

A Category 1 rating means Kenya’s civil aviation authority meets International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards.  With the Category 1 rating, Kenyan air carriers that are able to secure the requisite FAA and DOT authority can establish service to the United States and carry the code of U.S. carriers.

The FAA had not previously assessed Kenya’s civil aviation authority for compliance with ICAO standards. The Category 1 status announced today is based on a February, 2017 FAA assessment of the safety oversight provided by Kenya’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation.

As part of the FAA’s IASA program, the agency assesses the civil aviation authorities of all countries with air carriers that have applied to fly to the United States, currently conduct operations to the United States, or participate in code sharing arrangements with U.S. partner airlines, and makes that information available to the public.  The assessments determine whether or not foreign civil aviation authorities are meeting ICAO safety standards, not FAA regulations.

In order to maintain a Category 1 rating, a country must adhere to the safety standards of ICAO, the United Nations’ technical agency for aviation that establishes international standards and recommended practices for aircraft operations and maintenance.

Copyright FAA at